Article

Kevin Obsatz on his experiences as a PA working on a documentary about the 2004 campaign season and, specifically, the show business behind the spectacle of both art and politics.
April 4, 2017

John Kerry campaigning in Durham, New Hampshire in 2004. Photo: William B. Plowman/Getty Images

An everyday life in thrall to the spectacle […] should be understood as the systematic organization of a breakdown in the faculty of encounter, and the replacement of that faculty by a social hallucination: a false consciousness of encounter, or an “illusion of encounter.”
Guy Debord, Society of the Spectacle, 1967

In the early months of 2004, I travelled to New Hampshire as an intern for a documentary production at the Democratic Primary there. I was hired by Matt Ehling and Jim Taylor, who had attended twice before, in 1996 and 2000, and made a documentary out of each visit. The first film, Subdue the Universe, was about the fringe candidates vying to run against Clinton in ’96; then, in 2000, Jim Taylor himself decided to run and documented the process for what would become the feature film Run Some Idiot. Their new angle of approach in 2004 was that Jim was running for the Republican nomination to the right of George W. Bush; Bush was still on the ballot, though he was widely presumed to be unchallenged. Jim persuasively made the case that W was a conservative in name only, given that he was pursuing multiple foreign wars and wantonly increasing the federal deficit.

Back in those days, Obama was barely a glint in the eye of the progressive left, MySpace was still the social media du jour, and there was no such thing as streaming video online; YouTube didn’t exist, but we had the heavily compressed RealPlayer, which could download and play very small video files.

I didn’t consider myself a documentarian, but I liked Matt and Jim; I was curious about the political process, and I needed work—even a few hundred dollars’ worth. So, it was generous of them to invite me along as a production assistant, all-purpose errand runner, coffee-getter, and carrier of equipment. We drove east in a caravan, one aging minivan and one compact car held together with duct tape, in the midst of a snowstorm, nervous that we would get stuck partway and miss some of the fast-moving events. I remember driving a late, long coffee-fueled shift through swirling snow, eyes glued to the taillights of the semi ahead of me to stay on the road. We stopped at rest stops along the way, all of which appeared to have contracted with McDonalds to be the sole provider of warm freeway food in New England.

When we arrived, our team of six (Matt, Jim, a campaign manager whose name I forget, a “staffer,” a sound person, and me) sorted ourselves into two hotel rooms – wall-to-wall equipment and rollaway beds. Then, we went to set up our booth at the convention center, where Jim would hold events and interviews, impeccably playing the part of a serious conservative candidate: clean-shaven, hair-slicked, and everything.

This was mere weeks after the rise and fall of Howard Dean in Iowa (“Date Dean, Marry Kerry” is the slogan I remember), but the momentum had already definitively shifted in John Kerry’s direction. John Edwards would soon concede in order to be Kerry’s running mate, and Joe Lieberman rounded out the field of major candidates, but he seemed to be the only one who thought he had a serious shot at upsetting Kerry for the nomination.

***

My political experience was limited, but the political campaign environment seemed familiar. There were campaign buses and news trucks everywhere, crews running power for bright lights, and sound technicians hustling cords and cables in and out of events. In short, it was just like a movie production or a television show, only the politicians were the stars, with their trailers and hotel suites, and there was a swarm of small crews rather than one big, coordinated production team.

One of my roles was that of official campaign photographer; I was armed with a small Canon point-and-shoot digital camera. Jim’s goal was to put himself in the path of as many prominent figures as possible, so as Matt trailed him with a broadcast-quality video camera, I made my own surgical incursions with the Canon, and we provided our own modest contribution to the paparazzi effect.

Candidate Jim Taylor with John McCain (top) and Martin Sheen (bottom.) Photos courtesy of the author.

Though I didn’t speak to any of them, during that trip I was in the room and often within a few feet of John McCain, Rudy Giuliani, Martin Sheen, Tucker Carlson, Dennis Kucinich. Just like when movie stars go “on location” outside of Los Angeles and know that some level of interaction with locals is more or less inevitable, the political stars, whenever out in public, were fairly accommodating of Jim’s efforts to engage with them and tolerant of our cameras. The political stakes were high, of course, and any politician who makes it to that level knows that every step taken off the bus or outside a hotel room requires perfect poise, a broad smile, and effortless approachability.

It would be years yet before I would read Guy Debord’s Society of the Spectacle, but it was easy to draw connections between my experiences on film crews, at the Cannes Film Festival, and at the Democratic Primary. In fact, the early primaries, and the conventions themselves, are the closest things American culture seems to have to what could be called a “political festival.” The industries driving each event, despite their disparate subject matter, seemed to me identical. If anything, Hollywood gets points in my book for forthrightly representing itself as an industry, whereas the “political industry” seems too cynical to say out loud (though Eisenhower came closest with his “Military-Industrial Complex”).

***

The climax of the primary came after all the votes were cast and Kerry emerged triumphant, as expected, cementing his position as the frontrunner for the Democratic nomination. He gave his victory speech in an auditorium on a college campus, and I still remember the hopeful feeling of tromping through the snow, hearing bagpipes through the winter dark, approaching the building where he would speak. I remember thinking, surely John Kerry, a decorated Vietnam veteran and a senator for 20 years, would have no trouble defeating Bush after years of scandal, disastrous and pointless wars, recession and domestic crisis.

Kerry won that night, but Jim Taylor lost his bid. He got about 100 votes— disappointing to our small team, since we had anticipated that more Republicans would take the opportunity to cast a protest vote against Bush. Particularly devastating to our campaign manager was the fact that Jim received fewer votes in 2004 than he had four years earlier, when he ran as a Democrat - though in that instance he was helped out by a brief mention on The Daily Show.

Afterwards, we went to a local dive bar on the depressed main street of some small New Hampshire town. It was relatively early, but we were all exhausted. Matt bought me a drink, served in a plastic cup, and I wandered out onto the dance floor with a handful of listless college students and twenty-something locals. The rest of the political operatives were celebrating or drowning their sorrows elsewhere, most likely in hotel ballrooms rented explicitly for that purpose.

It’s not an original idea by any means, but I was and continue to be struck by how blatantly arbitrary the New England locale was to all of the political theater transpiring there. New Hampshire and Iowa were merely backdrops for the news cameras, signifying Real (White) America to the television audience; jaded locals served as extras in their own neighborhood every four years to a steadily rotating cast of image-managed political celebrities.

Though all of this was incredibly recent on any historical timeline, it seems to me now distantly charming and quaint that Jim and Matt’s experiment in participation, in that pre-viral 2004 era, was a matter of getting a haircut, building a basic website, printing some signs and campaign literature, and merely showing up along with everyone else.

That fall, I put Kerry bumper stickers on my car, knocked on some doors, and spent election night sitting alone at Caffetto coffeeshop in the Wedge neighborhood, hitting refresh on my browser and growing progressively more horrified and depressed by what I was learning about my country.

______________________________

I'm struck by how blatantly arbitrary the New England locale was to all of the political theater transpiring there. New Hampshire and Iowa were merely backdrops for the news cameras, signifying Real (White) America to the television audience; jaded locals served as extras in their own neighborhood every four years to a steadily rotating cast of image-managed political celebrities.

______________________________

The spectacle erases the dividing line between self and world, in that the self, under siege by the presence/absence of the world, is eventually overwhelmed; it likewise erases the dividing line between true and false, repressing all directly lived truth beneath the real presence of the falsehood maintained by the organization of appearances. The individual, though condemned to the passive acceptance of an alien everyday reality, is thus driven into a form of madness in which, by resorting to magical devices, he entertains the illusion that he is reacting to his fate.
Debord, ibid (219).

Guy Debord’s formulation of the Spectacle, though initially written in the ’60s, provides important insight into my experience in 2004, as well as everything that has happened since. I couldn’t put words to it in New Hampshire, but there was a pervasive sense of unreality, of show business — the politicians were there for the cameras, and the cameras were there for the politicians, and all of it was somehow self-contained, existing apart from any individual person or set of ideas about specific policies about how to run the government of the USA.

The New Hampshirites were interchangeable, but in a way, so were the politicians and the reporters and “news” personalities. They were all merely filling roles in a superstructure or organism or production that was more vast and powerful than any of us. And I don’t mean Democracy—democracy as a concept perhaps provided a few aesthetic flourishes to the proceedings, but it was nowhere near their organizing principle; a still nascent form of reality television.

I was struck, too, by the immensity of the resources poured into those few days (representing merely one stop along the many-months-long campaign trail), which to me resembled, in scale, a major Hollywood production with a cast and crew of thousands. It was a village unto itself. It’s not a question so much of money in politics or campaign finance reform, because most of the people there weren’t being paid directly out of campaign coffers. It’s a reframing of politics as an industry, employing hundreds of thousands of people who work full-time (with benefits) to create and maintain our political reality.

____________________________

My feelings about filmmaking changed when I saw, firsthand and up-close, how difficult it was to create a sustainable life making movies without being consumed — by the industry, by the entrepreneurial pressure to define success as a form of always growing, moving, innovating, and selling.

____________________________

The new technology in filmmaking, which became accessible in the ’90s and ’00s, created a giddy sense of possibility around the idea of populist rebellion —“breaking the studio system” or a hundred other forms of digital boosterism. Twenty years later, the film industry has changed, but those changes are due mostly to economics and commercial technology driving formal and aesthetic shifts, not the other way around. The professionals protect their jobs and careers, and, if anything, less money goes to artists creating moving images than ever before, because of changes to union rules for crews, copyright, and residuals for actors. The power is consolidated: a few new big names replace the old big names, there are new Vice Presidents in charge of Viral Marketing and YouTube Personalities, but the spectacle itself only intensifies. It reaches deep into our lives insatiably from within our own pockets. It’s there when we go to bed at night and waiting when we wake up the next morning.

My feelings about filmmaking changed when I saw, firsthand and up-close, how difficult it was to create a sustainable life making movies without being consumed — by the industry, by the entrepreneurial pressure to define success as a form of always growing, moving, innovating, and selling.

Today, there’s a tantalizing and familiar sense of access to power in politics that feels parallel to that ’90s “democratization” of cinema, facilitated by the new technology available. You can tweet at the President! You can make some kind of viral thing that hundreds of thousands of people will share! You can organize a protest or a march and Make a Difference!

By eagerly embracing the machinations of reformism or making common cause with pseudo-revolutionary dregs, those driven by the abstract wish for immediate efficacity obey only the laws of the dominant forms of thought, and adopt the exclusive viewpoint of actuality. In this way delusion is able to reemerge within the camp of its erstwhile opponents. The fact is that a critique capable of surpassing the spectacle must know how to bide its time. 
—Debord, ibid.(220)

My concern, my hunch—right or wrong—is that the current wave of political protest, online and off, is first and foremost fuel for the bonfire of spectacle. It plays into exactly the sociopolitical dynamic it hopes to oppose, framed as an effort to create an event big enough to get enough attention (likes, shares, votes) to sway public opinion. The protests lately have certainly been impressive, but they have also required massive and unsustainable flows of resources. You can only be mobilized so many times to stand on a plaza waving a sign before it affects your livelihood, your job, your family. When it comes to spectacle, people who are paid to be there — industry professionals — always outlast the volunteers in the end.

As a filmmaker in my late 30s, sustainability is high on my list of priorities. I figure I have to keep doing this for a long time, if I ever hope to be good at it, to make a lasting contribution to the art form. So, my approach has always been to proceed carefully on small films, to create lasting relationships, and to focus on the projects that I can afford to complete, financially and energetically. In the words of  Debord, I am biding my time. Have I overthrown the Hollywood oligarchy? Nope. But I like to think I’ve been participating in the cultivation of a community of artists and a body of work that is real and meaningful, rather than chasing after spectacular illusions of encounter.

This seems to be going on in the political arena as well. People are going out to meetings, sharing their thoughts and dreams and struggles and challenges, forging relationships with others around shared values, “organizing” — a protest is only the occasionally visible manifestation of these efforts, the tip of the iceberg.

I believe that sociopolitical change is always ongoing, and I appreciate the community-level efforts underway to articulate what a more compassionate, fair, and equitable world would look like, starting block by block, neighborhood by neighborhood, town by town. This sort of work is not immediately gratifying in either art or social justice. The real process involved is a slow, interpersonal evolution, building something from the ground up, resisting the seductive distractions of the spectacle, which always seems to promise so much, so soon.

Kevin Obsatz is a filmmaker and moving image artist who works with a range of media-making tools, including hand-processed 16mm film and consumer-grade video cameras. You can find links to his work and to more of his writing at www.videohaiku.com. He teaches “Experimental Media and Narrative Digital Video” at the University of Minnesota, and programs a screening series called Cellular Cinema at the Bryant Lake Bowl Theater in South Minneapolis - he would love to see you there (www.cellularcinema.org

Comments

MAXSEO2017:

thanks share good

elangnews:

Berita perbatasan bintangtimur.news http://www.bintangtimur.news
Indeks berita http://www.bintangtimur.news/sitemap
Nonton streaming bola online nobartv.net http://nobartv.net
Nonton streaming bola online android nobartv.net http://m.nobartv.net
Indeks jadwal nonton bola android nobartv.net http://m.nobartv.net/index-pertandingan
Indeks berita http://nobartv.net/index-berita
Indeks jadwal pertandingan http://nobartv.net/index-pertandingan
Indeks hasil pertandingan http://nobartv.net/hasil-pertandingan
berita terbaru indonesia elangnews.com https://www.elangnews.com
Indeks berita https://www.elangnews.com/indeks-berita
Indeks berita 2016 https://www.elangnews.com/2016
Indeks berita 2017 https://www.elangnews.com/2017
komunitas fans bola online soccerio.net http://soccerio.net

tungpham3001:

tin tức trong tuần cập nhật những thông tin mới nhất về pháp luật, xã hội admin của trang tintrongtuan.com đã làm việc chăm chỉ để có thể giúp đưa đến nhưng thôn tin mới và nhanh nhất

zaba:

I know your expertise on this. I must say we should have an online discussion on this. Writing only comments will close the discussion straight away! And will restrict the benefits from this information.

Restaurant for sale Dumaguete

kurama12:

i like this paket wisata lombok 3 hari 2 malam terbaik

Sarah:

I agree with the writer, art should be there in our live. Best flat iron for curly hair

khanhdang:

Giaphatland.vn là công ty bất động sản

khanhdang:

can ho millennium quan 4 du an can ho cao cap quan 4

BMI CALCULATOR:

the article pleased material!!Thank you for your review!

website 

naborsa:

You’ve written nice obat aborsi | jasa website

 

moet36:

cong ty may photocopy hai minh chuyen cung cap va phan phoi cac dong may photocopy chinh hang gia re nhat thi truong viet nam. Voi nhieu dong san pham may photocopy hien dai cung nhu noi tieng tren the goi. Haiminhco luon tu hao la nha cung cap cac dong may photocopy chinh hang tot nhat tai thi truong viet nam. Cac ban co the xem them cac dong may photocopy toshiba tai day http://haiminhco.com.vn/may-photocopy-toshiba

Madison123ivy:

Like your post. And your writing skills are awesome. Hostgatorbestpromocodes

khanhdang:

http://www.anthienlyquan9.com/thong-tin-du-an-an-thien-ly-quan-9/ la du an lon ve dat nen tai quan 9. voi muc gia phu hop

huongdoan:

This photographer is a person I admire, before I was in Vietnam I love the road in Da Nang so often rent a car at https://www.xethuedanang.vn, I also learn about the looks. Beautiful place and accidentally see the photos of this photographer, since then I love the way and his photography. For politicians, their image is very important, so to capture the beautiful and lifelike photographs that the photographer represents that I think is an art. I love the way he shows in his works, there is something liberal, something that is strong but also very artistic. I want to say that if he has time to go to Hoi An in Vietnam, he will have beautiful works because the scenery is very nice and peaceful.

khanhdang:

Căn Hộ MILLENNIUM BẾN VÂN ĐỒN - 091 390 4477 | 094 806 4444 MILLENNIUM, sản phẩm Bất Động Sản hạng sang của Thương hiệu cao cấp MASTERI giaphatland.vn/properties/ban-can-ho-chung-cu-millennium-masteri

KenLil:

Hướng dẫn các bạn soi cầu chính xác 100% https://lodewin2888.net/soi-cau-mien-nam-chinh-xac-ngay-hom-nay/ cơ hội trúng là cực kì cao giúp bạn thay đổi cuộc sống , có một cuộc đời tươi đẹp hơn những ngày bần túng của phần nửa cuộc đời còn lại không phải chịu cảnh nghèo đói bị người người cười chê

uali20:

Thanks for sharing this information. I really like your blog post very much. You have really shared a informative and interesting blog post with people.. Academic writing

shanebond:

It's a nice read. I like watching videos instead of reading articles though. Netflix offers good quality entertainment videosand documentaries without any commercials. Netflix Customer Service Phone Number, Dell Support Number, HP Customer Service Phone Number, Netgear Contact Number, Roku Number, Linksys Customer Service Phone Number, Cisco Phone Number, Gmail Contact Number, Hotmail Contact Number, Yahoo Mail Phone Number

monica123:

Thank you for your post, I look for such article along time, today i find it finally. this post give me lots of advise it is very useful for me http://nopsoriasis.net/

monica123:

I am very happy to read this article .. thanks for giving us go through info.Fantastic nice. I appreciate this post http://eyebrowthreadinginfo.com/

monica123:

It’s hard to find knowledgeable people on this topic, but you sound like you know what you’re talking about! Thanks  http://maddenmobilhack.com/

monica123:

Interesting stuff. I really amazed to see the well written article and the unique posting style. You have shared the best material http://nopsoriasis.net/plaque-psoriasis/

monica123:

This article gives the light in which we may see the reality.  http://nopsoriasis.net/types-of-psoriasis/

monica123:

This is very nice one and gives indepth information.  http://nopsoriasis.net/scalp-psoriasis/

moet36:

De co the tiet kiem cac chi phi mot cach dang ke nhat thi toi khuyen cac ban hay nen biet cach tiet kiem cung nhu su dung cac dong thiet bi may photocopy mot cach dung dan nham muc dich tiet kiem hieu qua khi su dung cac dong may photocopy nhat. Va de co the tiet kiem dien nay, cac ban hay su dung cach tiet kiem dien nang cho may photocopy de tranh lang phi nhe

QuyHope:

can ho masteri an phu quận 2 tp.hcm

khanhdang:

an thien ly quan 9 la du an dat nen lon.cung cap cho quy khach hang nhieu tien ich dang cap

uali20:

I just couldn't leave your website before telling you that I truly enjoyed the top quality info you present to your visitors? Will be back again frequently to check up on new posts.
Mcgregor vs Mayweather

whitees:

I would like to thank you for the efforts you have put in writing this blog. I’m hoping to check out the same high-grade blog posts by you later on as well. In fact, your creative writing abilities has motivated me to get my own website now. testogen review

ndctb5:

- The product has special polymer additives, so the Far East tile adhesives have high adhesion

http://keodangachda.vn/keo-dan-gach/keo-dan-gach-vien-dong/

- Vien Dong brick adhesive is produced by industrial technology so the quality is always guaranteed, we are committed to the works are durable over time.

- Slip is equal to "0", so it is convenient to install on the ceiling or straight surface, ensuring the highest safety.

- Fast execution, save time and labor, shorten the

The Japanese umbrella unit is the best Japanese designer so the umbrellas are the newest and the hottest models on the market.

Our Japanese umbrella manufacturer has 5 years of experience in umbrella manufacturing in Vietnam

The price of Viet Nhat facility is the best in Vietnam and the quality is still ahead

Production facilities always have large labor force and modern machinery system, so progress of work, manufacturing products always exceed the level set out with customers.

The source of umbrella after each redundant order was liquidated on weekends at the Viet-Japan umbrella factory.

The liquidation price is always 50% cheaper than the market price.

Good quality umbrellas, diverse http://oduvietnhat.com/

seoquanghuy:

Bạn đang tìm công ty cung cấp dịch vụ thám tử? hãy đến http://thamtubachtin.com/dich-vu-tham-tu-tu-tai-ha-noi nhé

seoquanghuy:

Bạn đang tìm địa chỉ bán giày nam đẹp? hãy đến rondro.com nhé, ở đây chuyên bán giay nam dep đó

seoquanghuy:

Bạn đang tìm địa chỉ bán điều hoà daikin? hãy đến http://thegioidieuhoa.com/dieu-hoa-dan-dung/dieu-hoa-daikin/ nhé

seoquanghuy:

Bạn đang tìm trung tâm bảo hành máy giặt electrolux? hãy đến trung tâm chuyên bảo hành máy giặt electrolux chúng tôi nhé

daigiaminh:

các bác thánh seo ai là người việt nam thì click vào đây: chậu rửa bát gorlde chính hãng, xem cách seo của em xem có hiệu quả ko nhé :(

đùa thôi các bác tha cho em. kích thước chậu rửa bát

daigiaminh:

làm sao để mua chậu rửa bát đơn với giá tốt nhất

naborsa:

You’ve written nice <a href="https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com">obat aborsi</a> post , I am gonna bookmark this <a href="https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com">aborsi</a> page , thanks for info. I actually appreciate your own <a href="https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com">obat aborsi</a> position and I will be sure to come back here.his is a really good post. Must admit that you are among the best bloggers I have read of <a href="https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com/harga-gastrul/">harga gastrul</a> Thanks for posting this informative article of <a href="https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com">obat aborsi murah</a> . You may havce a lot of <a href="https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com">obat aborsi</a>, as well <a href="https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com">aborsi</a>.<br>.
Good post <a href="https://jasawebb.com">jasa website</a>. I learn something new <a href="https://jasawebb.com">website</a> and challenging on <a href="https://jasawebb.com">jasa pembuatan website</a> blogs I stumbleupon every day of <a href="https://jasawebb.com">jasa buat website</a>.It will always be exciting to read content from other writers and use a  <a href="https://jasawebb.com">jasa pembuatan web</a> and <a href="https://jasawebb.com">harga jasa pembuatan website</a> little something from their <a href="https://jasawebb.com">jasa pembuatan website</a><br>
Thank you for providing <a href="https://jasawebb.com">jasawebb.com</a> information from your <a href="https://jasawebb.com">jasa pembuatan website profesional</a> website. On of the good <a href="https://jasawebb.com">jasa website perusahaan</a> website in search results <a href="https://jasawebb.com">https://jasawebb.com</a> .
Well, Thanks a lot of  <a href="https://www.lucimaybe.com">menggugurkan kandungan</a> to god about this amazing post <a href="https://www.lucimaybe.com">kandungan</a>. Thank you so much for the detailed information <a href="https://www.lucimaybe.com">cara menggugurkan kandungan</a>. I love to read tips from  who are really successful with what they do. It inspires me of  an I learn a lot witch helps me to grow my business <a href="https://www.lucimaybe.com">obat penggugur kandungan</a> faster.
I would once again praise to god about this amazing post <a href="http://inkjetprinterindustri.blogspot.co.id/">mesin coding</a>. Thank you so much for the detailed information. I love to read tips from people who are really successful with what they do <a href="http://inkjetprinterindustri.blogspot.co.id/">inkjet printer industri</a>. It inspires me an I learn a lot witch helps me to grow my business faster.
I want to thank you for <a href="https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com">https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com</a> interesting and helpful information <a href="https://www.lucimaybe.com">https://www.lucimaybe.com</a> and I like your point of view. Thank you!- I love to read this type of material Good and attractive information I take from it..Thank you for posting such a good article <a href="https://jasawebb.com">https://jasawebb.com</a> .

 

naborsa:
You’ve written nice post, I am gonna bookmark this page, thanks for info. I actually appreciate your own position and I will be sure to come back here.his is a really good post. Must admit that you are among the best bloggers I have read. Thanks for posting this informative article of [url=https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com]obat aborsi[/url] . You may havce a lot of [url=https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com]aborsi[/url] and [url=https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com]obat aborsi[/url], as well [url=https://www.gooddoctorcompany.com]aborsi[/url] too.

 

nevermore:

http://www.wifi3bbtot.top/ เปลี่ยนรหัส wifi วิธีเปลี่ยนรหัส wifi เปลี่ยนรหัสเร้าเตอร์ 3BB

QuyHope:

ban can ho millennium voi vi the sung tam dang cap ngay trung tam quan 1 tphcm

mayacacoffee:

Mayaca Coffee là đơn vị chuyên cung cấp cà phê rang xay nguyên chất đảm bảo SẠCH 100% và máy pha cà phê chính hãng nhập khẩu.

mayacacoffee:

Hiện nay nhu cầu lắp cáp quang tại đà nẵng đang phát triển khá nhanh bởi nhu cầu sử dụng mạng internet để liên lạc, học tập, giao tiếp ở mức cao. Đó là lý do mạng CMC telecom Đà Nẵng không ngừng triển khai các dịch vụ FTTH tốc độ cao để đảm bảo cung cấp tới người dùng dịch vụ tốt nhất

Green313:

Nice post, i like ur article, read more at http://www.nhipsongphunu.com/thuoc-tang-chieu-cao-nhanh-nhat.html

semigata:

This is a wonderfull article i have read. The post of <a href="https://semigataweb.com"> Jasa Pembuatan Website</a> is another amazing post, its inspires me how to make my business grow faster. Don't forget to check <a href="https://semigataweb.com"> jasa website</a>. Thank you

una:

thanks a lot admin on your information and sorry permission share
Obat Herbal Penurun Berat Badan

edward sanjaya:

<h3>Good post <a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/">Obat aborsi</a> Would be great if you visit the web <a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/">cytotecobataborsi.com</a> Due to the web <a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/">Aborsi</a> provide information <a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/.com">Cara menggugurkan kandungan</a> Sought by people.
Congratulations to you who terlah provide good information, interesting, and useful. If searching and buying <a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/">Cytotec</a> The place is here <a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/">Aborsi di jakarta</a> With a cheap price <a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/">Aborsi murah</a> And original products <a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/">Obat aborsi asli</a> And only on sale.
Thank you and best wishes</h3>

<a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/category/agen-obat-aborsi/">https://cytote...
<a href="https://cytotecobataborsi.com/">https://cytotecobataborsi.com/</a>

Pages

MN Artists