National Book Award finalist Matt Rasmussen's genius with language and image is sufficient to turn even impossibly painful subject matter into fiercely honest and deeply resonant poetry.
November 13, 2013

Louisiana State University, May 2013

SLENDER, SPARE, AND FIERCE, the 32 poems in Black Aperture comprise Matt Rasmussen’s first full-length collection. Shortly he will travel to New York City to attend the National Book Awards ceremony, because this book is a finalist for that prize. This kind of critical reception for a first book is highly unusual. So, what are these poems about? Jane Hirshfield says it plainly: “The subject is the suicide of his brother.”

It may be that you aren’t sure you can (or wish to) read about something so distressing; there are three separate poems, for instance, with the same title, “After Suicide.” It’s true that the collection burns through layer after layer of self-protection. But at the same time, the power of the writing itself, Rasmussen’s gift for metaphor, and his own courage, take an impossible subject and create a book that will astonish you, as you place your trust in it.

The first section of Black Aperture begins with a poem called “Trajectory.” Here it is in full:



After spiraling twice

it exits the barrel,


the spent day exposing

a flame that propels it.


The bullet, spinning

to maintain a shallow arc,


carves a hot thread

through the wind


until it breaks one hair

and the deer’s neck


splashes open.

Before the heart beats


the bullet unfolds

a plowing lead point


then again is in flight

wobbling from its passage


through the deer.

Its peeled-back body


comes to rest in the soft trunk

of a poplar to stick out


like a button. When I press it

all the leaves fall.

What is immediately clear is Rasmussen’s extraordinary ability to create layered, resonating, almost cinematic images--the ending simile, for example, swift and sure. Even the macabre vision of a bullet “wobbling from its passage/through the deer” is an essential element of this close, hard look, this honest examination, this exceptional specificity. The emotional content of the last line is delivered through image alone.

Black Aperture has its own trajectory, foreshadowed in this opening poem. A bullet carves a hot thread through the coming pages. But it is a thread that also stitches everything together.

It’s exhilarating to encounter such arresting imagery, and a vision with such power and coherence, even when the content is disturbing. “The entire meadow/burned until it was black/as a parking lot.” “It felt/a river moving under the ice/like a rope through a frozen glove.” Rasmussen is from International Falls, which has to be either the worst place or the best place for a poet to grow up. “The paper mill glugs/tan clouds into the twilight.” Or these lines:

Far away a loon’s call--

the whistle of a knife


through water--bounces

off the house-sized white stone.


A remnant of what the glacier

ate before it died.

There are dozens of such examples throughout the book. The most affecting of these, which is both horrifying and deeply moving, is (and here we just have to follow where Rasmussen bravely takes us) the hole that the fatal bullet made in his brother’s head. Here, in full, is the second poem in the book:

After Suicide


A hole is nothing

but what remains around it.


My brother stood

in the refrigerator light


drinking milk that poured

out of his head


through thick black curls

down his back into a puddle


growing larger around him.

My body stood between the


living room and kitchen

one foot on worn carpet


one on cold linoleum.

He couldn’t hear his name


clouding from my mouth

settling in the fluorescent air.


I wanted to put my finger

into the hole


feel the smooth channel

he escaped through


stop the milk

so he could swallow it


but my body held

as if driven into place.


The milk on the floor

reflected the light


then became it.

Floated upward and outward


filling every shadow

blowing the dark open.

The imagery here is surreal, spellbinding, and the impact is devastating. 

Rasmussen returns to the festering image of the bullet hole in several subsequent poems. From “Elegy in X Parts”:

Do not open


the tiny door

in the back


of your head.

All alone when


all alone, we

are asleep


inside our murderers.

Most stunning are these lines from the third and final poem entitled “After Suicide,” in which the dead brother shows up at a party, and to entertain people...


you put a flashlight

into your mouth


and turn it on.

On the wall behind you,


a coin of light hovers

like the miniature sun


a magnifying glass makes.

Your head’s a projector


showing the movie

of your death.

This frightful hole is many things: a door, a movie projector, the moon (or its opposite, the sun), the place his brother escaped through. It’s also the black aperture. 

Some of the power of this collection comes from what Rasmussen omitted. First, like all good poets, he left out everything mediocre, wordy, or flabby. Even though the one thing we want to know is why -- why did his brother shoot himself? -- the poems do not have the answer, and do not speculate. The book is cathartic for readers who have known suicides, heard of suicides, been devastated by suicides. Here we are, in Minnesota of all places, speaking of the unspeakable. 

Poetry is the right genre for this. Intensity and compression are its hallmarks; images are the tools of the imagination, and poems are, as Tomas Transtromer said, “meeting places.” In poetry, the soul finds a voice. I was in the audience a few years ago when Matt Rasmussen read some of these poems, and after people got over the shock of hearing such searing language about such a deeply personal and horrific subject, a concentrated calm took hold, and during a short question and answer period after the reading, people found they had a great deal in common with Rasmussen and each other. We have all been touched by suicide (remotely, if we are lucky), and wondered how it is that some people want to live so much that they will do anything, even when it’s not rational, and some, often those with the most promise, want the opposite, especially when it’s not rational.

Maybe this book is not possible, but here it is anyway. It’s not an amusement, even though Rasmussen is clever (“Monet as a Verb,” for instance). These aren’t poems that hold readers at a distance, or create a persona, or struggle to manufacture an impact from trivia, or exploit their subject. It didn’t even “have to be written.” Nothing has to be written.

What is it then? It’s a collection of poems that tell us, in language charged with almost reckless honesty and excruciating accuracy, how Matt Rasmussen was finally able to say, in the final poem, “I have come to terms/with my brother’s suicide.” If he hadn’t such a genius with language and image, then yes, the book would be impossible. Instead, it’s unforgettable.


Related links and information:

Black Aperture (Louisiana State University Press, 2013), Matt Rasmussen’s debut collection of poems, is the winner of the 2012 Walt Whitman Award and a finalist for the 2013 National Book Award for poetry. The winners for this year’s National Book Awards will be announced at a ceremony on November 20, 2013. For more about and by the poet, visit his website:


About the author: Connie Wanek is the author, most recently, of On Speaking Terms (Copper Canyon Press, 2010), which was a 2011 nominee for the Minnesota Book Award for Poetry. Her work has appeared in Poetry, Atlantic Monthly, Virginia Quarterly Review, Narrative, Poetry East, and many other publications and anthologies. She has been awarded several prizes, including the Jane Kenyon Poetry Prize and the Willow Poetry Prize, and she was named the 2009 George Morrison Artist of the Year. Poet Laureate Ted Kooser named her a 2006 Witter Bynner Fellow of the Library of Congress. Her poem, "Polygamy," was the grand prize winner in the last iteration of’s What Light competition.

MN Artists